Sakhr AX-370
This page was last modified 14:36, 27 December 2021 by Gdx. Based on work by Mars2000you and Msxholder and others.




Sakhr Computers was a Kuwaiti company (Al Alamiah co.) that was selling MSX computers imported from Japan in all of the Arab world. These MSX were localized and rebranded for some Arabic markets.

The AX-370 is the downgraded Sanyo WAVY PHC-70FD MSX2+ computer localised by Al Alamiah with more RAM (128kB instead of 64kB).

The Rensha controller (autofire), the Pause key and the X-BASIC (or Turbo-Basic) have been removed, the MSX2+ bios roms have been replaced by MSX2 roms, but there's still the MSX2+ videochip, the Yamaha V9958. It means that software using in language machine the MSX2+ features, especially SCREEN 10 to 12 and the horizontal scrolling, can be runned on this MSX2 computer.

This model has an Arabic QWERTY keyboard, whose matrix is similar to the one used in the Sanyo Wavy 23 and Philips NMS 8250/8255/8280 computers.

After power on without pressing the CTRL key, the computer will be in Arabic mode. In this mode:

  • the combination of the GRAPH key with an alphabetic key will display an MSX-BASIC instruction on the screen
  • the extra STAR key can be used in a similar way to the GRAPH key
  • some combinations can produce accented characters instead of MSX-BASIC instructions
Brand Sakhr (Manufacturer: Sanyo)
Model AX-370
Year 1988
Region Middle East
Launch price
RAM 128kB in slot 3-3
VRAM 128kB
Media MSX cartridges, DD floppy disks
Video Yamaha V9958 (MSX2+ VDP!)
Audio PSG (AY-3-8910 compatible, integrated in MSX-Engine T9769B)
Chipset Toshiba T9769B
Keyboard layout QWERTY/Arabic + numeric keypad
Extras 720kB 3,5" floppy disk drive, reset button, Arabic BASIC, firmware (Word Processor Arabic/English, Sakhr Basic, The Painter, Calendar)
Emulation ROMs dumped and emulated.


This machine comes with version 2.03 of Arabic firmware, present on all Sakhr/Al Alamiah computers.

The firmware can be skipped by pressing CTRL key while booting and until you hear a first beep. By doing that, the machine will be in International mode and the Arabic characters will not be available. If a software (even in cartridge) doesn't work, try it in this mode.

Note: If you continue to press CTRL until a second beep, you will get only one drive (the A: drive) even if you have added an external diskdrive.

This firmware adds Arabic characters, new MSX-BASIC instructions (see Arabic BASIC) and 4 applications. You can choose them in the menu with the keys 1 to 4:

  • English / Arabic Word Processor
  • Sakhr BASIC that allows to use MSX-BASIC directly in Arabic language - it is designed for the programmers who want to easily toggle between Arabic and English when using MSX-BASIC (by pressing F7)
  • The Painter (Arabic version) - graphic tool in screen 5 (the original version can be found in the Yamaha YIS-805)
  • Calendar

By comparison with version 2.02, a new application has been added, it's Sakhr BASIC.

If you press key 5 when you are in the menu, you will go to MSX-BASIC.

From MSX-BASIC in Arabic mode, you can

  • go to the menu with CALL MENU or _MENU
  • launch the Word Processor with CALL SWP or _SWP
  • launch Sakhr Basic with CALL SBASIC or _SBASIC
  • launch the Calendar with CALL CALENDAR or _CALENDAR
  • launch The Painter with CALL PAINT or _PAINT

If you are in International mode:

  • only CALL SWP or _SWP can be used, you will directly go to the English Word Processor. It's not recommended to use the other instructions without first enabling the Arabic mode.
  • you can fully enable the Arabic mode with CALL ARABIC, _ARABIC, CALL ARABON or _ARABON



Sakhr AX-370
Sakhr AX-370 back
Sakhr AX-370 right side
Sakhr AX-370 manual
Sakhr AX-370 PCB
Sakhr AX-370 PCB underside
Sakhr AX-370 label
Sakhr AX-370 box



Arabic firmware version 2.03
Arabic firmware 2.03 menu

Word Processor

English/Arabic Word Processor
Arabic Word Processor
English Word Processor

Sakhr Basic

Sakhr Basic

The Painter

The Painter (Arabic version)
The Painter (Arabic version)


Arabic Calendar
English Calendar


The AX-370 is a MSX2 with a V9958 from Yamaha and a Z80A integrated in MSX-Engine T9769B from Toshiba.

Slot Map

Slot Slot
0-0 0‑1 0-2 0-3 Slot 1 Slot 2 3-0 3-1 3-2 3-3
Page C000h~FFFFh Cartridge
Slot 1
Slot 2
Page 8000h~BFFFh Arabic
Page 4000h~7FFFh Main-ROM Disk ROM
Page 0000h~3FFFh Sub-ROM