Toshiba T9769
This page was last modified 19:22, 8 March 2022 by Mars2000you. Based on work by Grauw and Gdx and others.
Toshiba T9769C



The Toshiba T9769 is a chipset called MSX-ENGINE with the following features:

  • Main CPU: Toshiba TMPZ84C00A Zilog Z80 (clone) with a clock speed of 3,58 MHz (MSX2; switchable to 5.36 MHz on Panasonic MSX2+ machines)
  • Programable Sound Generator: Toshiba T7766A (AY-3-8910 compatible)
  • PPI chip: Toshiba TMP82C55A (Intel i8255 clone)
  • MSX1 and MSX2 functions (MSX2 computers)
  • MSX2+ functions (MSX2+ computers)
  • dimensions: 31.45 × 31.45 x 4.1 mm (QFP144 package)


Toshiba T9769A Pinout

T9769 revisions

This chipset exists in four versions (T9769 and 3 revisions, labelled A, B and C), plus a prequel (T9763).

For Panasonic and Sanyo MSX2+ computers the specific revision used changed over time. That's why the table below indicates two possible revisions for some machines.

Generation Model Used chipset
MSX2 Panasonic FS-A1FM T9769
MSX2 Sakhr AX-370 T9769B
MSX2 Sanyo PHC-55FD2 T9763
MSX2+ Panasonic FS-A1FX T9769A or T9769B
MSX2+ Panasonic FS-A1WSX T9769B or T9769C
MSX2+ Panasonic FS-A1WX T9769A or T9769B
MSX2+ Sanyo PHC-35J T9769A or T9769B
MSX2+ Sanyo PHC-70FD T9769A or T9769B
MSX2+ Sanyo PHC-70FD2 T9769A or T9769B
MSX Turbo R Aucnet NIA-2001 T9769C
MSX Turbo R Panasonic FS-A1GT T9769C
MSX Turbo R Panasonic FS-A1ST T9769C

Differences between revisions

The differences between all the versions of the T9769 chip are not yet known, they could be related to problems with the TC8566AF disk drive controller and its evolution in Turbo R where the disk rom is 'merged' with the MSX-DOS2 rom. One difference is that the VDP I/O delay is different for these versions. For the C revision it is 1 cycle and for the others it is 2 cycles. See and

On the Sanyo PHC-55FD2, the disk drive controller is not a TC8566AF from Toshiba, but a Western Digital 2793 (TMS2793NL). There are probably differences between the T9763 chip and its sequels.

Upgrade to 512kB RAM

An easy way to upgrade any computer using the T9769 chip to 512kB RAM is:

  • pull pins 51 and 52, connect to VCC (5V)
  • Pull pin 50, mark as /CAS2
  • Pull pin 47, mark as A8

Use 4x44256 chips and connect to the bus

More info: Tabajara Labs